Variadic Macros (C++)
Apr 4 2008
Variadic macros are function-like macros that contain a variable number of arguments.
To use variadic macros, the ellipsis may be specified as the final formal argument in a macro definition, and the replacement identifier VA_ARGS may be used in the definition to insert the extra arguments. VA_ARGS is replaced by all of the arguments that match the ellipsis, including commas between them.
The C Standard specifies that at least one argument must be passed to the ellipsis, to ensure that the macro does not resolve to an expression with a trailing comma. The Visual C++ implementation will suppress a trailing comma if no arguments are passed to the ellipsis.
Support for variadic macros was introduced in Visual C++ 2005.


// variadic_macros.cpp
#define EMPTY

#define CHECK1(x, ...) if (!(x)) { printf(__VA_ARGS__); }
#define CHECK2(x, ...) if ((x)) { printf(__VA_ARGS__); }
#define CHECK3(...) { printf(__VA_ARGS__); }
#define MACRO(s, ...) printf(s, __VA_ARGS__)

int main() {
   CHECK1(0, "here %s %s %s", "are", "some", "varargs1(1)\n");
   CHECK1(1, "here %s %s %s", "are", "some", "varargs1(2)\n");   // won't print

   CHECK2(0, "here %s %s %s", "are", "some", "varargs2(3)\n");   // won't print
   CHECK2(1, "here %s %s %s", "are", "some", "varargs2(4)\n");

   // always invokes printf in the macro
   CHECK3("here %s %s %s", "are", "some", "varargs3(5)\n");

   MACRO("hello, world\n");
   // MACRO("error\n", EMPTY);   would cause C2059


here are some varargs1(1)
    here are some varargs2(4)
    here are some varargs3(5)
    hello, world
visual studio c++

Feedback about page:

Optional: your email if you want me to get back to you: